|A sloth just hanging around|
Let start with the basic. Coffee is actually a fruit. The coffee bean is actually the seed of a coffee plant. The coffee bean is the pit inside the fruit that we call a cherry. There are two important varieties of coffee plants,- Arabica and Robusta.
|This a coffee plant|
A coffee tree can grow to heights between 16 to 33 feet. As the tree gets older it produces less and less coffee cherries.When the berries are ripe they are always hand picked. This is a very labour intensive process and often Nicaraguan immigrants are brought in to do the work.
|These are coffee cherries and they are not ripe yet|
|These are coffee beans that have not been roasted|
|I know you like these Mom|
|A bag used to store the coffee beans to be shipped to roaster|
|The workers who fill one of these would be paid $5.00|
We learnt that it is the roasting process that determines the intensity of the flavour and the richness of the color. The longer you roast the beans the darker they are. Everyone likes different flavours in their coffee. It is important to taste the variety of roast and discover which one is most pleasing to your palate. There is no right or wrong when it comes to your personal taste in coffee.
|What kind of roast is your favorite? I like the espresso for my lattes and the darker roasts for my drip coffee.|
The Don Juan plantation also grows cacao and sugar cane. I will talk about those two tomorrow. Now go enjoy a cup of coffee.